BEWARE OF BUTUMANIA, MAGELTHIALISM, AND THE POLITICS OF ‘DIVIDE-AND-RUIN’ IN THIS NEW ERA OF ERROR OF SOUTH SUDAN!
1- BEWARE OF ‘BUTUMANIA’!
It is very urgent; South Sudan needs political and social neurosurgeons!
There is an outbreak of this mental condition! It is a psycho-social illness that is spread by certain politicians, who replace people’s independent thinking capacities with their very own.
They politically extract weak brains, stuff them with their trash and install them back for use as weapons against the uninfected ones. The ‘butumaniacs’ are subjected to these conditions, which they in turn apply to recruit more to their side to swell their numbers by means of: TRIBE (relations), BRIBE (money or job), and THREAT (force). Watch out, lest you are washed out, for any symptom of that kind.
The country is subjected to that condition, which is threatening to change the character of the people from following the truth to worshiping leaders through the three pillars of their socio – economic and socio – political beliefs mentioned above.
Examples of ‘butumaniacs’ are the ones I always refer to as ‘Kiiristians’ and ‘Riektionaries’. They base their lives and decisions on the two personalities of the South Sudan conflict, without whom they believe they will not survive on their own.
For instance, when Salva Kiir asked the parliament to give him another free political term of two years only, because he cannot reach out to the voters he or they have displaced to IDP and refugee camps in and outside the country, the butumaniacs threatened the Assembly to give him three or even five years in power. So they have extended his ‘rule of decrees’, I call it ‘rule off law’, and the politics of ‘divide-and-ruin’ for another three years, instead of the two he had asked for! Those are our peoples’ representatives. Three more years of the yoke; of boring speeches punctuated with a lot of ‘inus’ and issues!
The South Sudanese peoples’ patience is now on trial!
As usual, there is no clear explanation besides the three pillars given above. Imagine some ‘MPig’ from the most war-ravaged region saying, we even added to him (meaning to themselves) another one year to extent his rule from 2015 to 2018, because he is fighting the enemy whose war has no term limit.” So after defeating our perennial foe and getting our independence, there are leaders busy inventing for us (South Sudanese) new enemies out of our very own selves? History, are we there yet? Are you there, yet?
Agwa, the blindness and blindedness of my people. Hope my readers, not leaders, will find out by themselves the difference between being blind and being blinded. I am saying this because many youth, like the one who commented that they are ‘supporting the system’ and not the person when I first posted this piece on my Facebook status the other day, are always on my neck or my likes’ in defence of the status quo. As for South Sudan, I call it defending the ‘dictatus quo‘–whatever that term may mean to you.
On the other hand, the butumaniacs from Riek’s side would react by going to attack innocent people even if they are directed to the target, where power is. They end up killing civilians instead of the very politicians who cause the problems and use their people as human shield. How I wish the ‘Riektionaries’ were like Obama’s drones or Osama’s bombers, who know their targets by decision and precision.
NB: I don’t know the origin of that word ‘butumanya‘, but I borrowed it from a certain intellectual online forum, which attributes it to a local language from one of the African tribes in the Great Lakes Region that uses it to describe their types of leaders and leadership. Of course, it is a fact (to be) well known that Africa is a continent blessed with so many leaders but cursed with too little leadership.
So watch out before you are washed out…you might be butumaniac, or even a ‘butumanyan‘, a blind follower of weak leaders who rely on tribes, bribes or threats.
Do you threaten others for others? There you are?
2. THE MAGELTHIAL NEANDERTHALS
As mentioned above, there are people who behave like savages; call them socio-political neanderthals. What are these? Neanderthals are ancient people of the extinct race that closely resembles human beings. In this context, some politicians in South Sudan are aliens to modern world politics, hence may fall into this scientific classification of ‘Homo neanderthalensis’ according to archaeologists. Why use such extreme term on the Old Guard and their dogging youth?
Of course, if somebody could kill a large number of innocent people and force the survivors to worship him as their hero, for killing their people, what fairer language befits this class of leaders? And why fairer, after all?
On the other hand, ‘Magelthial‘ is a local Dinka derogation for a ‘spoon defender’ as ‘thial’ means spoon or any other instrument for eating, like the traditional ‘thial’ or ‘tung’ of Dinka made out of horns or clam shell. In other words, those who defend this bloody leaders due to the factors mentioned in No. 1 above do normally look at the nation as their own just because their tribesman is in power this time. Or the total opposite thereof, and the reverse is true.
Therefore, when somebody, particularly my fellow youth of South Sudan, embarks on defending the status quo of the bloody politicians or traditional leaders, just because of the tribe (relations), bribe (money or position) and threat (forced allegiance), then that person practises ‘ma’gelthialism‘. This kind of ‘neanderthalism’ is to blame for the current crises the country is in.
3- THE DIVIDE-AND-RUIN POLICY
Our colonial experience is full of such jargons as divide-and-rule. This was seen latest when the Arab regime in Khartoum under Gaafar Mohammed Nimeiri broke up the South into three governable regions of Upper Nile, Bahr al Ghazal and Equatoria. The policy was called ‘The Redivision of the South’ according to Khartoum, but was referred to as ‘Kokora’ (meaning the same) in the South, a much abhorred system, that turned Southern Sudanese against one another on tribal definitions, for example, in Juba. This has been widely written about and against. So the rest is in history, though being forced again into our future today.
The system was championed by Gen. Joseph Lagu against Mr. Abel Alier, both of whom ruled the southern region in turns according to the 1972 Addis Ababa Peace Agreement that gave Juba a very loose autonomy, which was tethered in Khartoum. Surprisingly, Gen. Joseph Lagu is currently a presidential adviser to Salva Kiir. The rest of this story of ‘divide-and-ruin’ politics is kept for history here and hereafter.
Having seen that, President Kiir has not only revived the ‘Kokora’ system but has worsened it twofold! How? By introducing or recognizing and applying the word ‘Greater’ to describe this three regions after the Southern Region was divided into 10 states by President Omar al Bashir in 1994, Kiir has split the country into tribal chunks such as ‘Greater Bor’, Greater Aweil’, ‘Greater Kapoeta’, etc. All these fall under yet the greater ‘Greaters’ of Equatoria, Bhar al Ghazal and Upper Nile. These adjective, for an obvious objective, of referring to one part of the country as ‘greater’, has greatly undermined the greatest of them all, which is the nation. I mean these so-called ‘Greaters’ have become more important and even greater than the greatest, which is the independent Republic of South Sudan.
Therefore, when the greatness of a nation, like our network of 64 ethnic groups, is undermined, tribal and regional wars become the order of the day. And this is to blame for the woes of South Sudan, a legacy of Kiir’s version of the SPLM.
In a nutshell, Kiir’s attempt to cling on power is based on loyalty. Loyalty begets tribalism, nepotism, corruption and, of course, dictatorship. As the nation is chunked up into loyal and disloyal individuals, tribes and regions, this brings us to the conclusion that Kiir has introduced a new policy of governance, call it ‘Divide-and-Ruin’. Why ‘ruin’ instead of rule? Any leader that has no capacity to implement and control all that is entailed in the ‘divide-and-rule policy’ ends up ruining the system, hence, a failed state. Is South Sudan there, yet?