‘The Letter from Above’: Salva’s Salvaging Policy and the Dilemma of Replacing Hiring Squad with Firing Squad against Impunity by Immunity from the Community
(NB: This is not an Open Letter, it is an O’Penn Letter!)
Get this first and foremost. To me, a town without light is a like a community without rights. For God’s sake, let there be light; for GOSS’ sake, let there be rights!
Before I interpret my long heading to interrupt your long reading silence, allow me to congratulate the South Sudan Electricity Corporation, rather, the Ministry of Electricity and Dams, which one Facebooker once termed as ‘Ministry of Darktricity and Damns’. I am now able to send this essay to whom it may concern right from my laptop in my house. That is what service delivery means. Coincidently, the city power arrived at my house at Jebel area the day Hillary Clinton arrived at Juba City, and all praises were poured to Her Excellency. A week after she had gone, all blessings went to Comrade President for the looming reshuffle of the government. And if city power continues even after the Presidential Decrees are read out on our 12-hour SSTV live, all due honours may flow towards the SPLM for constitutionally fixing that date, 2015! So may Gen. Mayardit keep it up by nationalizing all holidays, inviting world presidents and other Big Ones every week to keep our city clean and green, glowing and growing. And also drag the anticipation vigil of the government reshuffle across the remaining months of the year, or even shift the Big Deadline forwards, towards Vision 2040, so that we at Jebel in Juba are reached by power, or even by water from the ‘Ministry of Water-tanks and Irritation’ (according to the same Facebooker), or roads from the ‘Ministry of Rods and Bridges’. All in all, I am able to send emails and watch the ‘London 2012’ from my house. Amen!
Unless one is a pessimistic critic or a prophet of doom, there is still enough room to thumb up for President Salva Kiir and his administration for the high hills of ills they have surmounted since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). Although it is still being dragged on in the form of a ‘compressive peace argument’ in Addis Ababa, we, South Sudanese, have survived so far and so fast a number of bombs. The five major bombs I can identify, for instance, include ‘Rumour Bomb’. Currently, the government is painfully whisking off some smokes caused by the recent ‘coup plots’. But this, thank God, the president brushed it off with his usual passive reaction to the disappointment of the Al Intibah and company rumour bomb terrorists. The second was the ‘Population Bomb’ thrown to Juba. Khartoum, as far as Tel Aviv, planned to forcibly cause mass exodus aimed to dump half a million in a single caravan in the wilderness of economic suffocation and political anarchy. The forced repatriation was a humanitarian hazard organized in a haphazard manner without the ‘Manna from Above’ or from abroad. The third that we survived was the real one: the ‘Bomb bomb’. That is the Antonov or Howitzer bombs that spread evenly on both sides of the frontiers an epidemic I once called ‘The Hijiliji Virus’ (give it another name: warmongering hysteria or so).
The fourth was an economic bomb or oil bomb, intended to choke us with Falouge Flu. The fifth among the
many others is the Fire Bomb. Early this year, there was an embarrassing arson assault, a fire outbreak that licked into soot markets at least from all over the 10 states. This did not also spare government offices, even the home office of the president! This was blamed on bad electric gadgets, and we all had to say “yes sir, bad electrical appliances, indeed”, and continue investing with their suppliers without investigating their appliers, beginning with the most idle department of the government, the fire brigade, which the property losers equated with the fire brigands (arsonists). Then, no one seems to have enough courage to run the risk of pointing out whether it is the bad man who is quarrelling with his tools or the tools gruelling with their bad man. In short, the reason I am making such belated comments on this brief summary of our national challenges is just because they are things of the recent season. For issues of the present, I may comment six months later. Why? I don’t want to be kidnapped or stabbed again! However, it is to be borne in mind that some of the above-hinted ‘bombs’ have not yet exploded because the demining technicians have not been allowed to have them explored. Or let’s bet!
Just during the days of the disappearance and reappearance of my colleague, Deng Athuai of the Civil Society Alliance, I was psychologically taken aback to the similar hard days of kidnapping and stabbing that I underwent in Kampala, when everybody was there but only to positively anticipate my fate and negatively participate in the debate about my safety. Many cell phone calls, right from the eyewitnesses, including ‘high witnesses, during Deng’s discovery and recovery, informed me directly and warned me indirectly, “Deng Athuai has been found, so please watch out!” Another friend tested my memory and texted me on my similar history, “What does this story mean to you? Hope you learned from the story of your friend, the late John Akuach!” Another friend reminded me of Mading Ngor and Ngor Garang. These messages of doom came to me when I had just finished penning this opinion on ‘The Letter from Above’, now integrated below with the heading maintained above. One month after the furor of the president’s letter and Deng’s saga, I found it out and fought it out that it was not ethical to practise self-censorship where we know very well there is no dictatorship, especially now that His Excellency, himself, is my fellow open letters writer. In principle, we believe no suppression at all just after our separation, not when we are celebrating our first national birthday anniversary as some are accelerating our national death day adversary— I mean condoning corruption to our chagrin.
Therefore, given the fact that most of our youth today have their latent talent evaporating with age from their brains and their right to riot rotting in their throats with rage against the system they believe to have ignored talent development in their country, I am hereby writing to affirm that we are independent. And what we mean by being ‘independent’ is that none should build boulders of blunders and force us to carry them on our shoulders. No, not now during our liberty celebration, not even when we were still soldiers in our liberation solidarity. This means if South Sudanese had not been blinded by ignorance and blindfolded with nationalism, I would have blamed and pushed this austerity burden onto somebody; at least by means of street ‘tweets’ in Juba. No, not this time when the nation is for us all and one for oneself alone. Well, we might be other little thieves or beneficiaries of their thieving deals, but that does not justify the biblical fact that Jesus Christ was accompanied to the Calvary by a cavalry of thugs who had committed differing prime crimes. I mean, no ‘bandwagonning’ with things to do with personal misdoings. All in all, we should not be taken back to the recent bitter past in which we were dependently independent. We must participate in/directly for our better future in which we would be independently dependent. So allow me to put my rioting in writing here, there, now and everyday.
Writing is not only my hobby, it is also my habit; and to be exact: it is my right to ride on my free opinion, that is, by rioting in writing— provided that I am using my natural hobby for our national lobby. However, before I thumb up for my president, I have a little reason to first congratulate Lil Jon Pen, the negligible man inside me, for guiding me to fight off the temptation and guarding me to ward off the damnation of writing open letters based on assumption for public consumption; especially the special ones, always narrowed down to individuals like the President of our Republic. I have actually obtained the licence for, but have usually abstained from, making my rioting by writing anyhow viral. Rather it is vernal in opinion. This is not because somebody out there would add me to their ‘monitorbook’, but because I always predict their reaction to my action, as memories of mysterious kidnapping and mischievous stabbing are still wet on my mind.
Just as my literary taste is incompatible with nameless open letters that argue on much ado about everything, I am uncomfortable with aimless ‘open letters’ that urge the president to take action against anonymous mafia that take our nation to the auction, wholesale! So when the Big Man, for instance, responded, to the daily noise, which includes some sensible voice, in the media, it took the world by surprise and shook the concerned (not to use ‘corrupt’) ones to the roots of their state-fattened enterprise. Besides kidnapping whistleblowers, others have even written open letters in reverse tone and opine in adverse tune, ‘His Excellency should not have done that.” (Meaning the letters should have been kept secret). Welle! I can even hit the road like Khartoumers if that bite-and-hide policy is adapted in our baby nation here, wallahi. My brand of democracy tells me that I can keep it secret only when it is sacred. That explains why I hardly write against facts, which are mysterious and factors, which are religious mysteries. But let it be financial ones in our ministries… I swear, I would rather I were the first in the know. Of course, they know this fact, and that is why they employ the youth on the basis of tactical-know-who instead of technical-know-how. So, for me and my abundantly redundant colleagues, I have not been ‘uncled’, ‘auntied’, ‘fathered’ or ‘brothered’ into any ministry, therefore, allow me to empty my stress and distress into this bin of political criticism on matters that loudly call out for critical analysis.
In the world media – as also echoed by our home media – the in/famous letter, allow me to call it ‘The Letter from Above’ or ‘Letter 75’, has come at an opportune time. Please, let note not be taken in such a way that I am implying the 75th or one particular letter out of all the open letters written to suspects and prospects on corruption, so far. Obviously, nobody should act a hypocrite here. Rather it is political intimidation for those ones to force the same government to impose austerity measures on the innocent ones while the real targets should go Scott free. It gives me ulcers seeing the ‘beneficiaries’ of the shrewd ones going on shopping spree to the extent that others do buy in Dubai when the rest of the nation resorts to Mother Nature for free leaves and roots. No, I can even inform Jesus on behalf of the cheated, so that such new socialite colonialists are not only dumped hereafter but also damned thereafter: to be subjected to early judgment here on earth as well as in heaven (Anti-Corruption, take note if you are there). Yes, they have hijacked our new haven…Yea, the one who wanna eat the manna alone while the rests are busy with Joshua in the commitments of steering the Exodus Caravan towards the Promised Land. What the neo-Israelites of the modern Cush and their ‘Corinthian Christians’ (sort of) should not overlook in The Bible is that though the Israelites got their Promised Land after the Passover and 40-year long wandering in the wilderness, a journey that these modern times took South/Sudanese self-smugglers (asylum seekers) only a 4-day long wondering to cross from Egypt to Israel, they still had to employ their golden hand to achieve their Dreamland.
Immunity by Impunity and the Dilemma of Replacing Hiring Squad with Firing Squad
The parable of the Bible aside, let us bring the point home. I am talking about impunity, the type protected by immunity, which is backed up by the community. Our man is in a dilemma. What is a dilemma? It is a lose-lose condition or the opposite situation whereby one is forced to choose between two extremes. Say, being asked by a Janjaweed to give them your mother or your father to kill, or by Tong-Tong (LRA) to give up your daughter or sister to be ‘married’ when you are the spectator, or even by your electorates to save the republic (your government officials) or the public (the ordinary citizens) of your country. Another term used with the dilemma in the heading of this piece is salvaging, a word close to salvation and Salvatore in our South Sudanese reactionary dictionary. This is not a concoction of an adjective from Salva. No. To salvage is to save, to rescue or restore due to a certain condition. So when used in relation to the name of our president here, the writer suggests if Salva’s Salvation or Salvaging brand of leadership is not blended with another well designed extreme, the dilemma will make the going very tough as explained here.
Back to the impunity issue, it is a fact well known in South Sudan as well as elsewhere in Africa, that if you sacked a minister or a commissioner, you have sacked their tribe from your government. I call it a dilemma because the ‘sacked community’ will storm the office of the ‘sacker’ and threaten him with a revenge action of creating malicious militias against his government. Indeed, the new former minister will turn sinister as soon as they read the ‘letter of disappointment’ that automatically makes them feel justified to send their boys to ‘The Republic of Militialand’ against his dictatorship. Yea, he becomes a dictator upon firing ‘their son’, as they, whose son he is hiring, will bombard the media with congratulatory messages, “Long live our Hero, the Great Democrat!” As this chorus rumbles in from Community B, the incoming one, another chorus tumbles out from Community A, the outgoing lot, “Wrong Live our Villain, the Great Dictator!” And here lies the psychological monster on the bed of dilemma. Keep the government as it is? No, it is too obese from political accommodation, sir! Downsize it to solve that obesity? No, it is too lean, causing ethnic malnutrition towards elections, Your Excellency!
To confirm my point, follow the current media writings by former government officials. So what is the solution? The man, with the help of his advisors, will be forced to silently suffer all our open letters in order to salvage His Ex-cellency, ‘the Minister for Ethnicity and Community Deployment’. And for how long, Your Excellency? This, I call immunity by community impunity or vice versa. Why? Keep him lest he jumps into the bush, alright. Oh, this time, ‘jumping into the bush’ is jumping into hell. Whereas the SPLA/M and the people of South Sudan have pushed it into the modern Cush, where else is the bush for the corrupt ones to sneak into? And where is the cause? And even if there is a little cause for a new rebellion, where is the course…? I mean the root and the route.
This time, if my disgruntled uncle convinces me to take up the gun and go and shoot instantly to death the innocently angry and hungry mothers and children so that s/he is given a seat of political accommodation in Juba, I will say, “Uncle or Auntie, Regime Change? Good idea, but try it before 2005 by means of bullet (too late!) or in 2015 by means of ballot (too early now!).” So where is the threat to warrant an act of dishing out our money by bogus positions ‘to bribe the tribe for peace’ this time? Now that we are already forced to pay billions of dollars to buy peace from Sudan, should we continue paying ‘bribe price’ to our own prodigal sons of that ‘bride tribe’? Two of our top government officials, Dr. Riek Machar, the Vice President, and Dr. Steve Wondu, the Auditor-General, have an alarming reason why I call for quitting this individual salvage funds. For your information, simple arithmetic from the Vice President puts the sum total of our losses, say peace price, to Khartoum at 12,000,000,000!
According to Sudan Tribune website, in a meeting with the Ambassador of Netherlands, Kees Van Baar, the Vice President told the European diplomat that the new nation will lose a total of $12 billion dollars to Khartoum per the deal, that is 17% of its total oil revenues every year for the next three and a half years. In detail, the average commercial agreement reached with Khartoum is $3.5 billion for the next three and a half years, which is inclusive of all types of fees. The arrears of commercial deal owed to Khartoum which dated back between 9th July 2011 and January 2012 will also amount to another half a billion dollars. South Sudan, he added, will also lose $4.97 billion of debt relief which Khartoum owed South Sudan, but is now pardoned per the agreement. There will also be an additional cash grant of $3.03 billion to be paid by South Sudan to Khartoum to improve on its economy. The agreement has forced the new nation to become “the biggest donor on earth to a single country, Sudan”, Machar added, with conclusion that the figure is equivalent to $40 per barrel if the whole amount lost were to be translated into how much South Sudan could pay per a barrel of oil it produces.
That is how many roads or how many Ramciels built over the next three years? Find out from the Auditor-General, who has used only a quarter of that amount, the one stolen by officials according to ‘The Letter from Above’, below. “The 192-kilometres road with eight bridges cost the citizens of the United States of America 220 million dollars (US$ 220,000,000). We have not been informed how long it took to construct this road but we all know that it is a product of the CPA era. If, during that period we invested 4 billion dollars out of our oil revenue in similar road works, South Sudan would be interconnected to an extent none of us can imagine. Let us crunch the numbers. Four billion dollars is four thousand million dollars (US$4,000,000,000). Divide that by 220,000,000. The answer is 18 (to the nearest decimal point). We would by now or very soon be having 18 tarmac roads of 192 kilometres each with 144 (8×18) bridges in South Sudan. Let us say 100 bridges since some of them will be much longer than the one of Kit. Moreover, since the roads cannot be equidistant, let us say that we would be having a total of 3,456 (18×192) more kilometres of tarmac in South Sudan. Given that construction costs increase as the roads get farther from materials supply points, we can discount our coverage to, say, 3000 kilometres of tarmac. Now we know, a tarmac road costs a little more than one million dollars per kilometre in this part of South Sudan ($220,000,000 ÷ 192 km).”
That is four billion dollars is what I referred to earlier on as ‘domestic peace price’ that has been forfeited to corrupt ones in order to maintain peace among the tribes of South Sudan. Now let’s go for international peace price of 12 billion dollars. 12,000,000,000 by 220,000 = 55. This means 12 billions by 220 million dollars will build 55 tarmacked roads like the one between Juba and Nimule in South Sudan. What a loss! How about the cities by the same amount? Find out from Dr. Wondu again. “Recently, the African Union inaugurated its brand new Headquarters in Addis Ababa. It cost the Chinese US$ 200 million, about the same amount the Americans spent on the Nimule-Juba highway. The African Union building has a 20 storey tower. So if we chose to use our 4 billion on constructing high rise structures, we would be having 20 African Union size skyscrapers in South Sudan today, other things like costs and engineering being equal. We could have donated one to the African Union, allocated one to each of our ten States and kept 9 for the capital city. No other city in Africa would compare to ours, not even Johannesburg.” Back to our peace funds formula, 12,000,000,000 by 200,000,000 = 60. This means if we had to use 12 billion to build AU house type in South Sudan, we would have 60-twenty-storeyed buildings in South Sudan. Divide this by our 10 states, we would have built 10 cities like Kampala with this peace funds. You see!
Aside with those illustrative figures for elusive peace, to be direct to the title of this piece of mine, which was intended for the peace of mind, I thus prescribe the solution. And this must proscribe the victims. For the case of South Sudan and for the sake of South Sudanese, especially the dilemma created by ‘Letter 75’, Mr. President should adopt tougher measures this time; I mean this time of reshuffling, if any or if it would not arrive when we are still alive with the yoke of austerity sanctions. Now that he (Gen. Salva) is faced with the dilemma of offering his trademark salvaging policy (allow me to brand it Salva’s Salvation Solution) either for the good of his notion (regime) or for the betterment of his nation (people), there is need for wisdom; not the one of 2010 but the one for 2015!
To make it even clearer, I rephrase it this way. Whereas I subscribe to Gen. Salva Kiir’s notion of declaring austerity budget not really on the salaries of the constitutional post holders at the expense of the rest of developmental projects; and while maintaining ‘peacekeepers’ in the government at the expense of the public livelihoods, I would rather I were their hangman; because they have kept our country at ransom. So I beg to be excused but not accused if I call it political anaemia: this idea to ‘rent’ some errant citizens so that they stay and stay, and become erratic denizens in the government and buy themselves into forcible fame by impossible game, hence making our it develop administrative obesity, which squeezes the infant nation into economic famine.
However, I still appreciate his notion for the unity of our nation, that peaceful approach, the salvaging handling. In the best of his speeches, the president made me believe that he is not paying salaries, he is paying ‘peace price’. So for how long, Your Excellency? For how long will you pay ‘Peace Funds’ to the unpatriotic ones to pin them down so as to keep peace in our land? And while paying this so-called peace price, will you as well pay peace prize to those who made it possible? If not so, then that is why I am (I mean the citizen) complaining. It is injustice to pay peace price to buy peace from somebody who is threatening to take it away at the expense of paying a prize to reward somebody who has labored to bring peace home. So if applicable, pay both peace price and peace prize: to whom it may concern and not to whom it may coincide with.
As if that is not enough, to be direct to the solution again, I join the growing voices on the fate of the fake nationalists; sack them together with those who back them! Yes sir, this is a self-presented political excuse of downsizing the extra large government to the demand of our austerity budget. The only disappointment is that they have already budgeted themselves into the very austerity budget of 6.7 Billion South Sudanese Pounds, a budget half of what we are forcing them to refund to the nation. While we still argue over the dilemma, I urge our president to implement the sacking amidst threats of community backing because it is our moral duty as informed citizens to sensitize and sanitize our communities into believing that to be a first class citizen, you must support the nation, and not the person because this nation is an amalgam of about 10,000,000 persons. That is why we deem it wise for President Salva to salvage the nation and savage the person, especially the ones on the list, including those who are on the lists.
In case of any resultant question like “the ones on which list?” Sorry, I cannot answer that question, not because there is a caution but because I am equally confused. Just as there are (according Uncle Alier) ‘So many agreements dishonoured’ in Khartoum, there are so many black lists dishonoured in Juba. To list the Big Three of the lists, there is this hot one, 1- The 75 or The Jubilee List (by the way, our corruption is at a Jubilee stage according to the ranking of anniversaries), 2- The American 16 and, 3- The Elijah Malok List, which he threatened to publicize in the Media had he not been caught by his ‘expiry date’ while still toying with a legal date with the ‘borrowers’ during his governorship of our national Money Store. Elijah Malok Aleng is the former boss for BOSS (Bank of South South/ern Sudan), now Central Bank of South Sudan (I like it ‘Central BOSS’). He committed a crime of trying to ‘advertize’ those who borrowed to death our only war economy national commercial bank, Nile Commercial Bank. Adieu my dear NCB (with my money therein)! There is this political game called ‘playing with fire’. Did Uncle Elijah play with fire? Is there any similar group of goons telling our president that he is playing with fire by threatening to fire someone by sending his open letter? I thought it was ‘Letter from Above’, which needn’t be questioned, cautioned or ignored.
Besides, there are complaints, from both the affected and the infected comrades, about the openness of ‘The Letter from Above’. The letter has divided the country (as well as the world) into two opinion groups. While Group A is arguing that The Letter should not have been such open, Group B is bickering that it should have been much open. That it is a form of injustice to envelope 75 top government officials in a black parcel branded “Please, Refund the Nation!”. Good news is that it is no longer the secret 75. Hon. Awut Deng Achuil, former Minister for Labour and Public Service, Government of Southern Sudan (Juba), and Hon. Lual Achuek Deng, former Minister for Petroleum in the Unity Government (Khartoum), have reduced the secrecy of the content of the envelope from 75 to 73. But the pendulous question is “have they reduced the secrecy of its context?” Another pending question is will others in the similar suit follow suit? While I am not aware if Hon. Lual is right according to his current boss, Kiir, or his former boss, Bashir, on the way to approach the recovery of the petro-dollar wealth, I am aware that Hon. Awut is right in her protest letter in which she told us to check her bank accounts in Kenya and South Sudan. Hmm, this is personal, no much-ado-about-nothing comments. However, what beats my justification for the rights to know is ‘when, why and how’? But was it indicated in ‘The Letter from Above’ that the 75 had to account for their assumed millions to us, the consumed minions, or one just declare one’s innocence to some known-by-two-only bank account somewhere out there?
My concern is whether Comrade Salva Kiir is going to sieve the list, and fire the guilty and hire the fresh ones. Of course, out of the 75, there will be good and bad ones. The method is simple, a general reshuffle can do. But the dilemma! Should it be done now or later? There is wisdom telling me ‘later’ because we do not know what Bashir’s austerity measure means by leaving the defence budget intact and cutting to hell the rest of the government budgets. That is why I am in diemma of what to recommend to my Boss now. Well, let me withdraw my call for a reshuffle (read ‘sacking’) right now. To make use of our Dinka salvaging wisdom of ‘Beny, Konkoc’: Sir or Boss hold on a bit. However, let there be investigation. And the dilemma continues. Investigations are operations not executed on somebody sitting in his ministerial chair, sipping his official ‘chai’. That is why it is difficult to drag Omar al Bashir to the The Hague. So what should be done to those who are still our ministerial materials?
This should be done, and be done immediately before implementing the Austerity Budget. Replace that everlasting hiring squad with a blasting firing squad. I mean, there should be a committee other than that ‘community’ sitting in the Ministry of Public Service or Human Resource Development. The Public Service Committee has been doing a great job in hiring the whole country into working for the government, I mean psychologically. Well, that is positive nation building, but now at the face of austerity, no more ‘Peace Funds’, no more ‘Appeasement Emoluments’, no more ‘Political Accommodation’. All these terms refer to ‘salaries’ paid to non-competent, non-committed and non-delivering public servants, just to tether them down like cultivation season goats on zero grazing lest they disturb our nation building processes. Now that we are a brand new nation, please, please, replace the current ‘Hiring Squad’ (if many) with a ‘Firing Squad’, if any. If so done, well, I argue, the austerity will augur well for our posterity of the Re/public of South Sudan.
What is – and why – a ‘firing squad’? A committee to study and downsize the government to manageable level, so that the money and the towns do not necessarily go but accessibly arrive at the people. A recent study by Kush Institute indicates that only 16% of the national income goes to the 10 states of South Sudan. I would rather say nine states because the 11th State called ‘Juba’ lies in the 10th state called Central Equatoria. To solve this dilemma, the president should leave the whole system alone but appoint an independent committee to research and recommend, and even implement the resolutions to save the neck of the president and serve him with some dozes of Community Immunity towards 2015. When I say independent committee, I simply imply not the recycled ones, knowing that our national and developmental committees have been dominated and manipulated by the same ‘Their Excellencies’ that are supposed to work in their respective offices daily. The committee must, of course, be ruthless in order not to be toothless like the Anti-Corruption Commission, hence the unpopular name given by cynics and its victims later as ‘Firing Squad’. So I want them parallel: hiring squad versus firing squad in the government, a perfect balance, an ideal deal of a political duel.
In conclusion, which will be a continuation hereafter; it is sheer foolery for a people to venture into nation building without first making themselves the architects of such a huge building undertaking in the 21st Century. Regretfully, but not regrettably, our leaders and we, their followers, must calm down to understand this thing called ‘The Republic’ (of South Sudan) so that its current chair-holders do not turn themselves into its recurrent Share Holders and register it in the name of South Sudan Ltd. Therefore, my last recommendation for further debate in this essay is a question, which is also being answered in another writing of my fighting for the secondary freedom of the people of South Sudan. The grand puzzle is: Are we, as a nascent nation of South Sudan, a republic of the public or a public of the republic?
About the Author: John Penn de Ngong is a South Sudanese independent journalist, artist, poet, essayist and activist, attached to the civil society in the capacity of Executive Director for USTASS (United Scribes, Teachers & Artists of South Sudan), and also the Secretary General for Jonglei Civil Society Group, a consortium of local organizations campaigning for peace in Jonglei State.
This comment, which does not necessarily reflects the editorial stand of this news entity, and many of his weekly essays on the status quo of the state of South Sudan are posted on his personal blog: www.weakleak.wordpress.com, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org